The task here is to look for stocks that have been overlooked by other investors and which may have a ‘hidden value’. These companies may have been beaten down in price because of some bad event, or may be in an industry that's not imaginary by most investors.

However, even a company that has seen its stock price decline still has assets to its name - buildings, real estate, inventories, subsidiaries, and so on. Many of these assets still have value, yet that value may not be reflected in the stock's price.

Value investors look to buy stocks that are undervalued, and then hold those stocks until the rest of the market realizes the real value of the company's assets. The value investors tend to purchase a company's stock usually based on relationships between the current market price of the company
and certain business fundamentals.

They like P/E ratio being below a certain absolute limit; dividend yields above a certain absolute limit; Total sales at a certain level relative to the company's market capitalization, or market value, etc.


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